Category: Anatomy

By Pawel Petkow-Dimitrow

Coronary circulation reserve is a vital useful parameter to appreciate the pathophysiology of coronary flow. Coronary circulate reserve dimension is used to evaluate epicardial coronary stenoses or to check the integrity of microvascular movement. An appreciation of coronary body structure is an essential component of medical decision-making for cardiologists treating sufferers with coronary artery ailment. The pioneering examine efforts of Dr Lance Gould, who explored the connection among the anatomic severity of a stenosis and its stream resistance (59;60) , were transferred to medical perform (94; 194). within the absence of stenosis in epicardial coronary artery, the coronary stream reserve should be reduced whilst coronary microvascular movement is compromised by means of arterial high blood pressure without or with left ventricular hypertrophy, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, or different illnesses. numerous options were validated for measuring coronary move reserve. although, those concepts are both invasive (intracoronary Doppler circulate wire), hugely pricey and scarcely to be had (Positron Emission Tomography - puppy) or semi-invasive and inflicting sufferer ache (transesophageal Doppler echocardiography), therefore their medical use is restricted. due to the medical value of coronary circulate reserve there's a want for an easy, noninvasive, repeatable and cheap device able to this useful evaluate. This monograph makes a speciality of the evaluation of coronary circulation reserve utilizing transthoracic Doppler echocardiography - the method pleasant the above-mentioned standards. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography has develop into a well-liked software evolving from a study to diagnostic procedure utilized in daily practice.

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By Gregory Pincus

contemporary development in Hormone examine: quantity IV is a suite of papers introduced on the 1948 Laurentian Hormone convention held at Franconia, New Hampshire. This quantity consists of 4 components encompassing sixteen chapters that hide experimental works at the function of hormones in metabolism and the thyroid body structure and serve as.
The beginning half offers with a few facets of steroid hormone metabolism, together with progesterone, estrogen, and androgen. This half emphasizes the scientific facets of body structure and serve as of ovarian hormones. the next half is dedicated to the function of hormones in tissue and physique metabolism. This half rather describes the antihormone challenge in endocrine remedy and the changes in metabolism incident to management of insulin, adrenalin, and thyroid elements. The metabolic adjustments below adrenal and pituitary hormone management also are tested. those issues are through discussions at the neurohumoral-hypothalamic relationships, particularly the adrenal functionality in psychological disorder and results of hypothalamic lesions on water and effort metabolism. the ultimate half covers the stipulations influencing the construction and liberate of thyroid stimulating hormone via the anterior pituitary; the first activities of the hormone on its goal gland; a potential mode of motion; and the standards that impact this hormone's motion at the thyroid.
This e-book will end up necessary to endocrinologists.

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By Mahmud Eryilmaz

Examensarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Biologie - Krankheiten, Gesundheit, Ernährung, notice: 2,0, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Es ist wichtig, möglichst früh mit der Aufklärung über die Gefahren des Alkoholkonsums und seine Konsequenzen für den Straßenverkehr zu beginnen, damit Jugendliche in die Lage versetzt werden, verantwortungsbewusster zu handeln. In dieser Arbeit „Unterrichtseinheit für die Sekundarstufe I zum Thema Alkoholkonsum im Jugendalter und Verkehrssicherheit: Planung, Durchführung und review“ werden die Ursachen des Alkoholkonsums von Jugendlichen sowie dessen Folgen für die Teilnahme am Straßenverkehr analysiert und dargelegt. Dementsprechend gliedert sich die Arbeit wie folgt:
Zunächst wird auf das Jugendalter eingegangen. Da zu diesem Lebensabschnitt verschiedene Ansichten vertreten werden, werde ich versuchen, dies im Hinblick auf die zeitliche Entwicklung zu erläutern. Nach der Beschreibung des sozialen Umfelds werde ich auf das Risikoverhalten Jugendlicher eingehen, welches in engem Zusammenhang mit den in den folgenden Kapiteln behandelten Fragestellungen steht.
Das three. Kapitel meiner Arbeitet befasst sich mit dem Drogenkonsum, speziell dem Alkoholkonsum. Nach der Definition von legalen und illegalen Drogen wird auf die Substanz Alkohol eingegangen. Aufnahme, Abbau, Wirkungen, Gefahren usw. spielen hierbei eine Rolle. Den allgemeinen Informationen folgt die Problematik des Alkoholkonsums in Deutschland bzw. des Jugendalkoholismus.
Die Konsequenzen für die Teilnahme am Straßenverkehr werden im four. Kapitel untersucht. Dabei wird neben den statistischen Daten zu den Verkehrsunfällen und Auswirkungen des Alkoholkonsums auf den Straßenverkehr die gesetzliche Lage dargestellt.
Im five. Kapitel Prävention wird neben den Ebenen und Aufgaben der Alkoholprävention (wobei zwischen Primär-, Sekundär- und Tertiärprävention unterschieden wird) ein sehr erfolgreiches Präventionsprogramm vorgestellt.
Mit dem 6. Kapitel Mobilitätserziehung endet der theoretische Teil meiner Arbeit. Die Empfehlungen der Kultusministerkonferenz sowie die Inhalte und Ziele bilden die Unterpunkte dieses Abschnitts. Das 7. Kapitel beinhaltet den praktischen Teil meiner Arbeit. An dieser Stelle soll das Projekt „Unterrichtseinheit zum Thema Alkoholkonsum und Verkehrssicherheit“ gezeigt werden, das in einem Nachhilfeinstitut in Duisburg unter der Anleitung von Prof. Limbourg durchgeführt und evaluiert wurde. Hierbei werden einzelne Stationen zum Thema Alkohol vorgestellt. Die Arbeit schließt mit meinem Fazit ab.

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By Alexey Larionov

Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs) deal with postmenopausal estrogen receptor optimistic tumours, which represent nearly all of breast melanoma sufferers. This accomplished quantity brings jointly the present wisdom from diversified proper parts, together with molecular mechanisms and translational facets of drug resistance in AIs. issues coated comprise examine, experimental , and medical information in particular concerned about AI resistance in breast melanoma. the amount will comprise 3 sections. the 1st part covers common wisdom approximately aromatase inhibitors, together with legislation of aromatase genes, and constitution and serve as of aromatase protein. the second one part presents the specified mechanisms of resistance to AIs, whereas the 3rd part explores prediction of resistance and capability recommendations to beat resistance. Breast melanoma is the commonest lady melanoma and AIs considerably increase remedies results compatibly to formerly used endocrine remedies. besides the fact that 10-15% of post-operative sufferers strengthen a relapse in the course of adjuvant remedy with AIs; approximately 25-50% of the sufferers don't reply to AIs in neo-adjuvant or metastatic environment, and the vast majority of metastatic sufferers who at first reply advance resistance inside of three years. there's an immense have to comprehend those mechanisms of resistance in an effort to increase tools of forestalling or overcoming the resistance to AIs, on the way to make certain a extra winning outcome in treating breast cancer.

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By Keith L. Moore,Anne M. Agur,Arthur F. Dalley

crucial scientific Anatomy, 5th version provides middle anatomical techniques in a concise, student-friendly layout. The textual content comprises the hallmark blue medical packing containers, in addition to floor anatomy and scientific imaging good points. it's an incredible textual content for shorter clinical classes and healthiness professions classes with a condensed assurance of anatomy.

Essential scientific Anatomy, just like the authors’ extra entire textual content, Clinically orientated Anatomy, gets worldwide approval for the relevance of its medical correlations. The e-book emphasizes anatomy that's very important in actual analysis for basic care, interpretation of diagnostic imaging, and figuring out the anatomical foundation of emergency drugs and common surgery.

The fifth version features:

a brand new AND superior paintings software: Illustrations were redrawn in a latest, up to date type that boosts pupil realizing of key recommendations
CLINICAL packing containers: well known “blue packing containers” spotlight details on pathology, anatomical version, trauma, the existence cycle, surgeries, and diagnostic methods
SURFACE ANATOMY AND clinical IMAGING: Chapters contain floor anatomy and imaging sections to augment scientific and diagnostic knowledge

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By John B. Lombardini,Stephen W. Schaffer,Junichi Azuma

The Taurine Symposium- "Taurine: starting the 21'' Century"- was once held September 20-23, 2002, at the appealing island of Kauai in Hawaii. The headquarters of the assembly was once the Radisson Kauai seashore hotel. This overseas assembly used to be attending by way of nearly eighty participants from 23 international locations and four continents. Seventy-five papers have been offered both as platform shows or poster shows. Taurine, first remoted from ox bile in 1827 through Tiedemann and Gmelin and named in 1838 through Demarcay, turned of important medical curiosity in 1968 while the 1st broad evaluation article used to be released by means of Jacobsen and Smith. curiosity in taurine grew exponentially after 1975 whilst the 1st taurine symposium was once geared up by means of Ryan Huxtable in Tucson, Arizona. in view that that date, taurine symposia were held nearly each years held in a variety of towns and inn parts around the globe. Taurine investigators have had the privilege of attending those clinical conferences on 3 continents - Asia, Europe, and North the US. because the preliminary assembly in 1975, a valuable query addressed in the course of a few of the symposia has been: "What is physiological, pharmacological, dietary, and pathological position of taurine?". even though taurine has been proven as a tremendous osmolyte, it seems that to impact many different organic methods. notwithstanding, the precise mechanism(s) via "which taurine acts" has no longer but been definitively spoke back. In Kauai, the patticipants mentioned many themes and requested many questions concerning the function and activities of taurine.

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By Stephen N. Sarikas

ALERT: Before you buy, consult with your teacher or evaluate your path syllabus to make sure that you select the right kind ISBN. numerous types of Pearson's MyLab & getting to know items exist for every identify, together with custom-made models for person faculties, and registrations aren't transferable. In addition, you may have a CourseID, supplied by way of your teacher, to sign up for and use Pearson's MyLab & studying products.

 

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The hugely expected Visual Anatomy & body structure Lab Manual (Stephen Sarikas) brings the entire strengths of the progressive Visual Anatomy & body structure book  (Martini/Ober/Nath/Bartholomew/Petti) to the lab. This lab handbook combines a visible technique with a modular association to maximise studying. The lab perform contains hands-on actions within the lab guide and assignable content material in MasteringA&P®.

This application provides a greater instructing and studying event by way of providing:

  • Personalized studying with MasteringA&P: Become engaged with assignable lab actions that support them visualize buildings and comprehend processes—all instantly graded.
  • A visible method and modular association: The two-page modules seamlessly combine textual content and visuals to steer your via lab activities—with no web page flipping.
  • Frequent practice: possibilities for perform comprise pre-lab questions (Before you start, think about This), post-lab questions (Review Sheets), pencil-to-paper actions (clearly marked with a black triangle), and demanding pondering questions (Making Connections). you will have the chance to perform on-line with MasteringA&P.
  • Learning results that tightly coordinate with lab actions: The fresh one-to-one correspondence among the numbered exercise-opening studying results and the numbered two-page lab job modules offers an easy-to-follow studying direction and teachers a simple motor vehicle for review.

 

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By H. Breucker

Of the entire sessions within the animal nation, birds characterize the simplest recognized. There are in overall approximately 8600 residing species, and the systematic learn of this category is kind of entire. vast observations - to a wide volume via novice ornithologists - with admire to geographical distribution, lifestyles cycles, calls for on and variations to the surroundings, breeding conduct, migration, and so on have contributed in the direction of simple and extra largely appropriate wisdom, e. g. , within the components of ethology, ecology, and evo­ lution and likewise in social biology (Hilprecht 1970; Farner and King 1971). jointly, most of these features are tormented by the reproductive biology of birds, and experiences have accordingly been conducted for a few years with designated emphasis in this topic. How­ ever, formerly this emphasis in avian reproductive biology has been physiological and particularly endocrinological (Murton and Westwood 1977; Roosen-Runge 1977). The morphology of the gonads has been taken care of in a ways much less aspect, and has been restrained to a relatively small variety of species, in comparison with different periods of vertebrates. copy is the part within the lifestyles cycle of an animal that is so much established upon environmental stipulations. replica accordingly often occurs at a par­ ticular time, while rigidity for the grownup animals is at its lowest and the probabilities of sur­ vival for the baby are at their maximum, i. e.

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By Michael Schuenke,Erik Schulte,Udo Schumacher

Student compliment for the former edition:

"This e-book comprises nice illustrations and correct, succinct information... I hugely suggest this product to all scholars of any undergraduate or graduate point anatomy course."

Features of the second one Edition:

  • Labels and anatomic terminology are in Latin nomenclature
  • A new introductory part with evaluation of organs and embryologic development
  • Coverage of the organs improved by means of over 50%, together with extra medical purposes and radiologic correlations
  • An cutting edge, common layout during which each one two-page unfold provides a self-contained advisor to a selected topic
  • Summary tables, excellent for speedy overview, look throughout
  • A scratch-off code offers entry to WinkingSkull.com PLUS, that includes full-color anatomy illustrations and radiographs, labels-on, labels-off performance, and timed self-tests

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By Silvia Pretzel

Akademische Arbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Biologie - Krankheiten, Gesundheit, Ernährung, notice: 1,3, , Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Dass der Säure-Basen-Haushalt auch innerhalb der Medizin ein kontroverses Thema darstellt, zeigen die teilweise sehr unterschiedlichen Meinungen verschiedener Ärzte. Manche lehnen einen Einfluss der Ernährung auf den Säure-Basen-Haushalt mit Hinweis auf die verschiedenen Regulationsmechanismen des Körpers ab. Andere wie z.B. die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung (DGE) schließen eine damaging Beeinflussung der Befindlichkeit durch eine erhöhte Zufuhr sauer wirkender Lebensmittel nicht unbedingt aus, jedoch sei dies nur bei vorgeschädigten oder älteren Menschen correct. Wieder andere stehen mit ihrer ganzen Überzeugung hinter der von Ragnar BERG entwickelten those von einer Übersäuerung des menschlichen Körpers durch falsche Ernährung. Der Biochemiker und Arzt Friedrich F. SANDER entwickelte auf Grund dieses Konzeptes die bis heute in der Naturheilkunde gültige Theorie eines von der Ernährung beeinflussten Säure-Basen-Haushalts. Innerhalb der Vertreter einer basischen Ernährung finden sich jedoch immer wieder Unterschiede in der Einteilung von einigen Lebensmitteln. Nach dem amerikanischen Arzt und Begründer der Trennkost Howard HAY sind z.B. Quark und Joghurt basische Lebensmittel, der ausgebildete Mayr-Arzt Michael WORLITSCHEK jedoch teilt sie auf Grund ihres hohen Eiweißgehaltes den sauren Lebensmitteln zu.
Diese Arbeit dokumentiert einen Selbstversuch, in welchem durch eine gesteuerte Ernährung versucht werden soll, den Säure-Basen-Haushalt zu beeinflussen um herauszufinden, ob dies allein durch die Ernährung überhaupt möglich ist. Grundlage für den Versuch sind Theorien aus Sicht der Naturheilkunde. Die Ergebnisse werden zu einer abschließenden Bewertung zusammengefasst und auf mögliche weiterführende Untersuchungsansätze hingewiesen.

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